Reading a text file from assets in Flutter

2 min readJun 4, 2019

This is a repost of an answer I wrote on Stack Overflow.

In this brief article I’ll show all the steps for how to load a text file from assets into your Flutter app.

Create an assets folder

Create an assets folder in your project’s root folder. In Android Studio you can right click the Project outline and go to New > Directory.

You can create another subfolder for text files in assets if you like. But if you do, you have to include the relative path in pubspec.yaml. See below.

Add your text file to the new folder

You can just copy your text file into the assets directory. The relative path of my_file.txt, for example, would be assets/my_file.txt.

Register the assets folder in pubspec.yaml

Open the pubspec.yaml file that is in the root of your project.

Add an assets subsection to the flutter section like this:

- assets/my_file.txt

If you have multiple files that you want to include, then you can leave off the file name and just use the directory name (include the final /):

- assets/

Get the text in code

You can use the global rootBundle to get the text file asset:

import 'dart:async' show Future;
import 'package:flutter/services.dart' show rootBundle;
Future<String> loadAsset() async {
return await rootBundle.loadString('assets/my_text.txt');

Or if you have the BuildContext (inside a widget) you can use DefaultAssetBundle. This is recommended because it allows switching asset bundles at runtime, which is useful for multilingual assets.

Future<String> loadAsset(BuildContext context) async {
return await DefaultAssetBundle.of(context).loadString('assets/my_text.txt');

See also


Flutter and Dart developer. Twitter: @suragch1